Outdoor Cannabis Grow Tips for Beginners
Outdoor cannabis grows – regardless of how big or small – have more to offer than the chance to experience potent buds from seed to harvest. For first-time growers, an outdoor marijuana garden is an affordable option for yielding quality cannabis.
Even a small outdoor cannabis garden has the potential to provide excellent cannabis flower without breaking the bank. So, for those who have some sunshine and a little space, growing marijuana outdoors successfully is within reach.
In this guide, we’re covering everything you need to grow weed outside. But first, let’s cover the benefits of growing cannabis outdoors.
Benefits of Growing Weed Outside
- Small monetary investment: Rather than forking over the cash for LED lights, grow tents, AC units, and dehumidifiers, all you’ll need is some soil, outdoor cannabis fertilizer, seeds (or clones), and perhaps a little greenhouse setup. This is how you’ll make rainwater and sunlight work for you.
- Larger yields: Outdoor grows aren’t confined to indoor grow restrictions; as long as you can still manage your plants, they can become massive. A single plant has the potential to yield a pound of flower!
- Greener option: Outdoor cannabis grows are greener than indoor plants. Since indoor plants require lots of electricity to power the lights, fans, humidifiers, and more, the green route is to grow outdoors using solar and wind energy – literally.
- More time outdoors: We can all use a bit of vitamin D from the sun. And besides, it’s always rewarding to get a little dirty one in a while – especially if it’s for some home-grown outdoor cannabis flower.
Consider Outdoor Cannabis Climates
Even though cannabis is a highly adaptable plant, it doesn’t fare well in extreme weather. This is why it’s good to consider the climate of your area.
Temperatures that stay above 86ºF stop plants from growing. However, if the temperature stays below 55ºF, they can become damaged or stunted. In extreme cases, the plants might even die.
Think about the rain and wind in your area too. Excessive rains and high winds physically damage plants and reduce yields. Buds exposed to excessive moisture also become susceptible to powdery mildew and mold.
While weather patterns are important, the length of day changes throughout seasons is equally vital. The amount of sunlight your garden receives throughout the year will also impact your plants. This is what gets cannabis plants from the vegetative to the flowering stage, allowing them to produce buds.
Choose a Perfect Location for Your Outdoor Grow
While picking a location for your outdoor marijuana garden, it’s best to look for a place that receives plenty of direct sunlight, especially midday. This is when the quality of the sunlight is prime. Throughout seasonal changes to fall, the sunlight will begin dwindling during the day, which triggers the plants to flower.
Choose an area with a constant breeze and hot climate. However, if the area you’re living in has high winds, it’s best to have a windbreak nearby. This can consist of a wall, large shrubbery, or fence.
Think about your privacy – and security. Concealing outdoor cannabis gardens, whether from potential thieves or nosey neighbors, is ideal. Use large shrubs, trees, or tall fences to keep eyes off of your grow.
In some states, the law might force you to conceal your outdoor marijuana garden from the street. Keep this in mind and conduct some research before deciding on a location.
Cannabis Genetics for Your Outdoor Marijuana Garden
Some cannabis strains fare better outdoors than others. This is especially true when accounting for the climate and location of your garden. If the area is known for outdoor cannabis cultivation, there’s a good chance many strains will thrive there. However, some strains are specifically bred to do well in your area.
You have two options for your grow; seeds or clones. If you’re growing from a seed, the plants can be heartier than clones. However, if your seeds haven’t been feminized, you could find your garden full of male and female plants. If this happens, you’ll have to sex them out to remove the males as only females will yield buds.
If cannabis is legal in your state, you’ll likely find clones or seedlings for sale at local dispensaries. However, some growers feel feminized seeds are the best option, especially for beginners.
Autoflowering seeds are ideal for outdoor cannabis growing because they flower when they mature, without concern about the days’ length. These offer the option for a quick-growing yield or multiple harvests throughout the year. But autoflowering cannabis strains aren’t always as potent as other options.
Outdoor Marijuana Cultivation: More Quick Tips
Soil rich with organic matter is ideal for growing cannabis plants outdoors, but drainage is equally essential. Silty soil is the best as it’s easy to use, warms fast, has good drainage, contains plenty of nutrients, and effectively holds moisture.
Nutrients are vital throughout the cannabis plant lifecycle. But long-release granular fertilizers can be problematic. The best nutrients for an outdoor grow will be available at your local grow shop. Choose inexpensive outdoor cannabis fertilizers proven to work.
If you want to keep your plants small, plant them in buckets, barrels, or pots. However, if you’re looking to grow some massive cannabis plants, plant them in the ground without restricting root growth.
Even though you can use rain and groundwater for your outdoor cannabis garden, you’ll still probably have to supplement natural watering methods. This is especially the case during the hot summer months. Large plants can demand as much as 10 gallons of water daily in arid climates. Dig under your planting hols and add clay soil or rocks to slow drainage. Or, you can always add water-absorbing polymer crystals to retain water for your plants.
Here’s how you can keep your plants safe from storms and other weather conditions:
- Use a greenhouse or other protective enclosure to control the temperature and shield plants from excessive rain.
- Set a windbreak if you expect your plants to experience intense winds.
- Keep your plants healthy to ensure natural pest resistance.
- Plant your cannabis plants away from other vegetables, ornamentals, and flowers to avoid pest spreads.
- Check your cannabis plants multiple times weekly for pests as they’re easier to handle when caught fast.
With these tips, you have a solid foundation to start your outdoor cannabis garden. As you cultivate and grow your cannabis, don’t forget to enjoy the fruits of your labor!
Have any outdoor cannabis cultivation tips we missed? Comment down below!