What is a Cannabis Mother Plant?

If you’re new to growing, you may be wonder, “What is a cannabis mother plant?”

You’ve likely heard cultivators discussing how they’re safeguarding their mother plant. But what is involved with marijuana mother plants?

In this post, we discuss what a cannabis mother plant is, what characteristics to look for in mother plants, and the benefits of cloning mother plants.

What is a Cannabis Mother Plant?

As a cannabis cultivator, there are two methods to produce plants; seeds or clones. If you decide to grow cannabis from seeds, there’s no telling what genetics you’ll get. While the parent strain might be particularly potent, the seeds plants produce have variations.

For instance, you might grow 10 Girl Scout Cookies seeds yet the plants will look dissimilar. Some might offer more purple in the flower, others may have more green. These plants will also offer variations in the cannabinoids and terpenes they produce. Variations from the same strain are called phenotypes.

However, if you’re looking for identical cannabis plants, you’ll need to clone a mother plant. Mother plants can be clones to make plants identical to themselves. The process involves removing a cutting – a small piece of a branch – from the mother plant. This is a clone.

Cuttings from mother plants can grow roots and be replanted, which allows them to grow into plants that are identical to the mother. They have the same characteristics as the mother plant.

For cloning purposes, mother plants must be kept in a vegetative state. This means they will never flower. This is crucial because removing cuttings from a flowering plant stresses it out and has the potential to result in a clone becoming a hermaphrodite as it tries to pollinate itself.

How Do You Choose a Cannabis Mother Plant?

Choosing a cannabis mother plant takes some time. After growing several plants of a particular strain, you’ll need to analyze the phenotypes you have available. This is where have multiple phenotypes come in play.

Multiple phenotypes will allow you to observe slightly different properties. You’ll be able to check these variations and identify which pheno should best meet your needs as a cultivator.

Most of the time, cultivators will not conduct stress tests. But this is something you might want to consider. You’ll check how the plants react to growing factors like light, humidity, and water. Then, you’ll determine how the plants can withstand these environmental factors and produce the results you’re after.

You’ll bring your phenotypes to flower to analyze the characteristics. Particularly, you’ll look at cannabinoid and terpene content. Whichever pheno offers the most features you’re looking for should become your mother plant.

Benefits of Cloning Mother Plants

Cloning cannabis strains is preferable, especially if you’re cultivating for the medical marijuana marketplace. By cloning a mother plant, you know that your plants will be identical, sharing the same properties and characteristics while ensuring your finished products are uniform.

In turn, patients have an easier time identifying which strain will work best for their symptoms. Thus, they can continue purchasing the same strain knowing they’ll achieve the same desired results.

But cultivators also benefit from cloning mother plants. Since the clones are exact copies of the mother, growers know which nutrients they need to achieve similar yields and comparable potencies.

Concluding on What is a Cannabis Mother Plant

Cannabis mother plants are vital for cultivators because they can produce identical clones that will replicate the same phenotypes. This makes it easier for growers to check different strains and identify the ones with the right characteristics. But it also helps patients by offering consistency in their medical marijuana.

Even though you won’t need to make stress tests on a mother plant, this is something you should consider when choosing which plant will be your mother. If you conduct these stress tests, you’ll gain even more insight into the strain’s individual characteristics and properties.

After analyzing your phenotypes, you can determine which one will be the perfect mother plant. This plant should provide the desired results, including potency and yield.

Overall, if you’re cultivating cannabis for medical use, cloning a mother plant is an ideal situation. Now that you know what a cannabis mother plant is, it’s time to select the one(s) that will work best for your grow and begin cloning!

Louis Levey is the Content Success Manager and Founder at No Strings Content. He's passionate about helping cannabis businesses use content to attract, educate, and convert audiences. His hometown is Boca Raton, Florida, but he currently lives and works remotely in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

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